Blood Tests

Health MOT


The health MOT is a blood test designed specifically to offer an insight into the baseline indicators on one’s health. The test pinpoints deficiencies in vitamin and mineral levels and allows for solutions to be offered via diet changes, supplements and vitamin injections.

This test can be used to gauge cholesterol levels and detecting risk of diabetes, which provides information for advising lifestyle changes to avoid such a diagnosis for exacerbation of symptoms.

The health MOT is used to detect early signs of illness and has been noted as the most comprehensive test available.

Blood sample 59 biomarkers included 2 working days
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What’s included?

Red Blood Cells ( 7 biomarkers )

The role of the red blood cell is predominantly involving the spreading of oxygen around your circulatory system to your tissue, this type of blood cell is the most prevalent in the human body. In the bone marrow, red blood cells are consistently produced which ensures regular replacement when you are cut, or even just as you age. The total red blood cell count should never experience much volatility, however, in particular circumstances, a surplus can be created, rapid cell death can occur, or cells may be produced in irregular shapes. Oxygen delivery can be affected by decreased cell volume, and this drop in cell production often leads to issues such as anaemia, which can cause weakness and lower energy levels. With surplus production, you may experience issues with your vision, and an enlarged spleen is also a common symptom.


Haemoglobin is the substance that provides the red colour to blood and is the protein that exists in red blood cells which provides oxygen circulation. In order to gauge the volume of haemoglobin present in the blood, we carry out this test. We can directly get insight into the degree to which the blood carries oxygen around the body. A more significant requirement for oxygen is apparent in more active people such as athletes who carry more muscle mass and regularly exert more energy in aerobic exercise, needing a bigger supply. It is also not uncommon to see higher levels of haemoglobin in weightlifters and other those active in endurance sports.

HCT - Hematocrit

The hematocrit test is used as a means of gauging the percentage of red blood cells that exist in your blood. These red blood cells are responsible for safely providing oxygen around your body. If you are found to have a low amount or surplus amount of cells, it can be a sign of underlying diseases. The HCT test can also be referred to as the packed cell volume or PVC test and is relatively straightforward to carry out

RBC - Red Blood Cell

The specific quantity of red blood cells that exist in the blood can be determined via an RBC or Red Blood Cell count. In order for your body to operate with sufficient movement and respiratory function, you need healthy red blood cells which can carry the oxygen from your lungs around your body. This process enables you to maintain appropriate energy levels. These cells have another role which includes carrying carbon dioxide to your lungs for exhalation after it has been produced in the cells.

MCV - Mean Corpuscular Volume

One of the most integral measurements, important in the calculation of oxygen levels being spread around your body, the MSV or Mean Corpuscular Volume test gives us an estimate of the volume of this oxygen and is used to measure the average size of your red blood cells. These are often referred to as erythrocytes. With red blood cells being one of the three corpuscles in your blood, the other two are platelets and white blood cells.

MCH - Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin

MCH is described as the Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin value which is used to measure the average number of Haemoglobin existing in one individual red blood cell. Haemoglobin is represented as the protein that is present in each red blood cell that transports oxygen from your lungs to each tissue around your body.

MCHC - Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration

The average haemoglobin concentration in each red blood cell is determined via a test referred to as the MHCH or Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration test. With Haemoglobin being the molecule apparent in red blood cells responsible for adequate oxygen distribution, this test is highly important and used regularly as part of complete blood test panels

RDW - Red Cell Distribution Width

We often use the RDW or Red Cell Distribution Width test as a gauge to indicate the variance in the size and shape of red blood cells. It is evident in research that we tend to find no major discrepancy in average size and shape, yet, in some cases, where the subject has a blood disorder, cells have been found to be misshapen and abnormal in size. We use this test to give us an insight into the difference between the upper and lower end of the spectrum of red blood cells in terms of size.

White Blood Cells ( 6 biomarker )

It can be stated that the white blood cell is the major component of a healthy immune system. It is their role to act as a defense mechanism to protect your body from infection which can arise from harmful bacteria entering your body. These white blood cells are created in the bone marrow and exist at the stem where they tend to survive for a few days on average. There are 5 main varieties of white blood cell, each of which has a key role in safeguarding your body from harm. We can get great information regarding your immune system and streamline the diagnosis process by analyzing these 5 types of white blood cells.

WBC - White Cell Count

In order to determine the volume of white blood cells in the blood, we use the WBC or White Blood Cell count. These cells act as a major part of the process of protecting the body’s immune system. With adequate white blood cells, your body is protected from harmful bacteria and is safe from foreign particles and germs which can increase the risk of infection when they enter your body. A large number of antibodies can be created from white blood cells, which, coupled with memory cells offer further protection against these harmful germs.


One of the 5 types of white blood cells that has a primary role in your immune system and fighting the potential infections caused by germs is the Neutrophils cells. If neutrophils fall below a certain level, you will see a spike in risk with regards to your likelihood of illness. They offer protection against infection and so must be kept at a sufficient level.


Directly responsible for combatting harmful bacteria and fighting viral infections, the lymphocytes are another of the main white blood cell varieties. Acting as a sub-group of the white blood cells that are primarily focused on particular responses to potential infection, these cells act as indicators and categorisers of foreign particles in the body. Along with protecting the body from infection, these cells also create antibodies and memory cells, which assist in the prevention of infections from the same harmful bacteria. T cells, B cells and natural killer cells are all varieties of the Lymphocytes white blood cell set.


With the primary role of overrunning and destroying all pathogens and useless cells from one’s blood, another type of white blood cell is the monocytes. These cells play a key role in protecting your body and replenishing your immune system and can be seen when your body experiences increased temperature and area-specific swelling. This is an indication of the monocyte cells at work.


One of the white blood cell variations is the eosinophils, which focus predominantly on the complete removal of all infections that are parasitic. These cells are also responsible for providing regulation of inflamed areas that have experiences infection. These specific cells are also evident in allergies and subjects diagnosed with asthma.


Similar in role to the eosinophils, the white blood cell knows as the basophils are responsible for offering protection against bacteria and harmful parasites from entering your body. Such parasites may include ticks or worms and can be protected by these cells. These cells also offer protection in episodes of an allergic reaction.

Clotting Status ( 2 biomarkers )

In order for your body to sufficiently control bleeding, platelets must be produced in your bone marrow, these are also known as clotting cells. In some cases, the volume of platelets created is insufficient. Conditions such as thrombocytopenia can cause rapid destruction of platelets, which is often a result of disorders affecting one’s immune system. These conditions can also be a result of medication intolerance, disease to the liver or excessive bleeding. We can also sometimes notice high platelet counts which are referred to as thrombocytosis. Factors that can induce this condition include disorders affecting one’s bone marrow, and infections.

Platelet Count

The most compact variation of the blood cell is known as the platelet or clotting cell and are incredibly important with regards to the effective clotting of the blood when the subject is bleeding. In these circumstances, these platelets cause swelling as they combine with each other to transform into a clot or cluster which acts as a stem for the bleeding at speeds up the process of stopping the bleeding.

MPV - Mean Platelet Volume

In order to effectively measure the average platelet size, the mean platelet volume test is used. For clot formation to occur successfully, one must have sufficient platelet numbers. These cell parts are important in the process of effective blood clotting. Platelet production occurs in the bone marrow and this is where the MPV test is conducted.

Inflammation Markers ( 1 biomarker )

One experiences inflammation in a case where their immune system is heightened in order to fight foreign bacteria and tried to offer protection against infection and the damage of the body’s tissue. Common symptoms of inflammation are things such as high temperature, swelling of the affected area and pain which can be chronic or acute in nature. Long term conditions are generally what causes chronic inflammation, which can include arthritis, IBS or respiratory issues such as asthma. Proteins in the blood increase in volume as a result of inflammation and these tests allow us to determine the cause and degree of inflammation present.


Used in order to complete an assessment of the presence of bodily inflammation, CRP or C-Reactive Protein does not actually identify the location of the inflammation. We use High Sensity CRP or CRP-hs to determine the less apparent inflammation that can often be the cause of blood vessel damage, that induced cardiac arrest and strokes. In a case of significant injury, it is common to experience a high degree of inflammation around the injured area of the body. Most commonly, a twisted or fractured ankle often experiences high levels of swelling, which induces the increased CRP-hs. Nonetheless, those who exercise regularly tend to experience these mild cases of inflammation as a result of consistent training. This can adversely influence performance levels, meaning recovery is very important for athletes. CRP-hs is utilised along with CK and a full blood count to provide us with this accurate illustration. Such inflammation indicators provide great detail on recovery levels and information isn’t skewed as a result of proximity to recent activity

Kidney Function ( 3 biomarkers )

The role of the kidneys is to effectively remove all waste material and surplus fluid from the contents of your blood. The degree to which the kidneys are operating can be determined by analysing the volume of waste produced from the blood along with the number of electrolytes that exist in order to regulate body fluid levels. Disease in kidneys can be exhibited with very few indicators in the premature periods of development which means the assessment of kidney function is incredibly vital to maintaining effectively. This is particularly true for those who are diabetics, individuals with high blood pressure or those at risk of hereditary kidney disease.


Responsible for the effective disintegration of proteins, the liver produces a by-product which is referred to as urea. This is waste material and once it has been produced, it is filtered from the circulation of blood in the body and released when the subject urinates. In terms of calculating the quantity of blood urea content, we can assess the performance of the liver and kidneys and their functions. In a case where the subject experience kidney damage, even if it is just one of them, it can be seen that the results are unaffected.


Known as the molecule that is classified as a waste chemical generating from the break down of muscle, we find creatinine. Creatinine is found to be much more prevalent in those who are more active and engage in exercise more regularly. The waste is removed from the kidneys which allow us to determine the functionality of the kidneys in its process meaning the diagnosis of disease occurring in the kidneys can be reached quickly

Estimated GFR

The specific volume of blood that is being filtered through the kidneys can be roughly determined by using the estimated glomerular filtration rate or the eGFR, directly monitoring kidney function as a result. With the responsibility of getting rid of waste materials, the kidneys have very small filters which are known as the glomeruli. The function of the kidneys can be adversely affected if these filters fail to perform effectively. We use variables such as one’s age, gender, ethnicity and serum creatinine volumes to get a calculation for the eGFR and determine an estimation of the actual glomerular filtration rate.

Liver Function ( 6 biomarkers )

Our liver acts as one of our vital organs, responsible for multiple functionalities such as the effective breakdown of ingested food along with energy conversion and toxic waste removal. Hormone regulation is also a key role in our liver. Liver inflammation can arise as a result of surplus food consumption as well as excessive alcohol abuse, but can also be caused by viral hepatitis. Regeneration is one of the great features of the liver, and keeps us healthy, yet, if we neglect our liver, the consequential inflammation can cause cirrhosis and permanent liver disease. We use blood tests as an enzyme gauge to measure inflammation.



One of the main enzymes commonly existing in our bones and our liver is ALP or Alkaline Phosphatase. We use the measurement of this enzyme to gain valuable insight into the potential existence of diseases in one’s liver, gallbladder and bones.


There is found to be a production of a specific enzyme known as ALT or Alanine Transferase which occurs in the liver when there has been damage inflicted from heavy consumption of drugs/ alcohol, or where the subject has an underlying virus such as hepatitis.


With tissues that are deemed to have a quick metabolism such as muscle tissue, there is a vital enzyme known as CK or Creatine Kinase. This enzyme is known to actually leave into one’s blood after muscle damage or intense activity caused fro sporting exercise or competition that has seen significant stress on the mechanics of one’s body. Historically, CK has been an indicator of severe injury when used in medicine. An abnormally large volume of CK can be found as a result of an awful condition referred to as “rhabdomyolysis” which occurs due to excessive muscle breakdown causing sickness and ultimate failure of the kidneys as well as cardiac arrest in some cases. That said, for many athletes, muscle breakdown is a key performance indicator and one of the markers of effective training. Adaptation is high in sportspeople who aim to grow their muscle mass through this process and so the high CK levels do not have an adverse effect in many cases. It is highly important to fully understand this enzyme if order to avoid sickness, injury or overtraining. For hypertrophic athletes, looking to build muscle through weight training, CK can be used as an effective supplementary tool to maximise overall performance, especially when natural levels of the enzyme are, to begin with. If one’s CK levels do rise beyond a certain point, it is vital that they reduce training load to avoid injury and potential kidney damage. To get an accurate reading for your baseline CK level, this test should be completed 2 days or more following intense exercise.

Gamma GT

In diseases that affect the liver and bile ducts, we notice a rise in the Gamma GT enzyme, also referred to as Gamma Glutamyltransferase. We are able to differentiate between these diseases that affect our bones and liver using Gamma GT combines with ALP. We also use the existence of the Gamma GT enzyme in the diagnosis of alcohol poisoning due to it’s increased volumes on over ¾’s of incessant alcohol abusers.


When haemoglobin that is found in red blood cells is broken down, we find a by-product referred to as Bilirubin which is excreted by means of passing through the liver along with using the gallbladder to concentrate and for storage before bowel secretion. Removal from the body is completed through both urination and defecation. When our red blood cells breakdown beneath the surface layer of the skin, often apparent after impact in the form of bruising, we can sometimes note a yellow hue to the skin, that is the existence of Bilirubin becoming apparent.

Proteins ( 3 biomarkers )

For our cells to effectively function and for muscle growth to occur, it is important for us to consume sufficient volumes of the protein macronutrient. We can improve the diagnosis of diseases occurring in the liver and kidneys by calculating proteins in the blood. We can also measure the volume of other specific hormones in the blood by gauging the number of molecules bound to protein versus the free ones that are available for use to your cells. The increased volume of these proteins is generally caused due to dehydration but is often the illustrator of separate conditions too. A low protein count in the blood often shows significant malnutrition and can even be an indicator of malabsorption.

Total Protein

We use the measure of total protein as a representation of the combination of proteins such as albumin and globulin that exist in one’s blood. These proteins are found to have various different functionalities such as maintaining blood volume inside blood vessels as well as dissipating nutrients and directly combatting potential infants. Malnutrition can be diagnosed when a low count is determined and we can also get insight into disorders affecting the liver and kidneys from abnormal readings.


A protein that exists predominantly within one’s liver is albumin. Assisting the conversion of osmotic pressure that is responsible for holding water inside the blood, it aids the transport of nutrients, medication as well as other materials through one’s blood and is integral to the healthy growth of skin tissue and healing. Hormones are also transported around one’s body with albumin, and so by calculating the volume of this protein in our blood, we can determine tissue hormone levels.


In order to define a specific group of proteins produced by our immune system as well as our liver, we use the term globulin. There are variations of globulin responsible for carrying minerals such as iron within one’s blood, while other types have the role of binding with haemoglobin. Along with these types, there exists another type of globulin which we call immunoglobulin, effectively an antibody than assists in battling infections that threaten the body.

Gout Risk ( 1 biomarker )

A variation of arthritis forming most commonly in the smaller joints of the body such as the fingers and toes is known as Gout. Generally, gout arises as a result of uric acid building up within the joints where it crystalises. The big toe is often the first place it attacks when it experiences severe inflammation, so much so that the subject will be in agony. Unfortunately, gout can tend to affect more than one joint and can only be treated using steroids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatories such as Ibuprofen.

Uric Acid

One of the most commonly produced waste materials found from purine/ chemical compound breakdown is uric acid. Although naturally occurring, uric acid also exists in specific foods, with some food groups containing large quantities. For those with no health conditions, you would expect to see excretion of uric acid through the kidneys. Issues tend to arise when uric acid levels increase as purine can be more difficult to metabolise and the acid can build up to be deposited as actual crystals in the tissues of the body. In such an instance, gout occurs, which can be very painful for the bearer.

Diabetes ( 1 biomarker )


Most commonly referred to as Type 2 diabetes, it is a disease that affects our metabolism and is becoming more prevalent across a wide age spectrum. Over 30% of adults based in the United Kingdom Factors such as our genes and our lifestyle tend to determine our likelihood of contracting this condition. Maintaining a habit of regular exercise, a balanced diet, and a healthy weight all help us to avoid diabetes. If you do get diabetes and it goes unnoticed, you may not be able to fight the raised blood glucose, even with changes in lifestyle. Upon full diagnoses of diabetes, it is massively important that the subject carefully monitors their blood glucose levels to ensure they do not damage their vital organs and nervous system. Heart attacks and specific cancer variations often occur in diabetes patients and lifespan is generally reduced.


Glycated Haemoglobin, or more commonly known as haemoglobin A1c or HbA1c is a more permanent determinant of blood glucose levels versus a standard test for blood glucose levels. Within your red blood cells, it is found that glucose actually attaches itself to the haemoglobin. Due to the fact that the average lifespan of a cell is between 3-4 months, we gain insight into the mean blood sugar level over this period.

Iron Status ( 4 biomarker )

An element that is necessary for multiple processes occurring naturally in the body, iron is vital for the creation of new red blood cells as well as the effective transport of oxygen around the body. Without iron, we couldn’t keep our immune system strong and healthy. We tend to find the largest quantity of iron within red blood cells and more specifically, within the proteins and haemoglobin that exist there. A lower quantity of iron exists in ferritin, a protein with the role of controlling iron releases to regulate its levels. We use the iron status test as a means of measuring total blood iron level which assists in accurately diagnosing iron overload (haemochromatosis) or anaemia. One’s bodily ability for iron absorption along with the total iron volume can be determined with this test.


Existing as an important element of carrying oxygen, iron also aids the synthesis of DNA and promotes oxidative phosphorylation. These processes are integral to keep us alive, and not just to achieve optimal exercise performance. Generally, around 2.1 g or 50% of the overall iron quantity in your body exists in your red blood cells and are apparent in the haemoglobin which carries the oxygen. 1g or so exists in macrophages or white blood cells as well as the myoglobin in your muscles that also carry oxygen. Any surplus iron that is produced is stored in your liver. Low iron levels tend to induce respiratory difficulty on a cellular level which often initiates feelings of tiredness. With sportspeople, performance can be adversely affected, evident in lower VO2 Max results, energy level depletion as well as inadequacy in training intensity. Iron can be sourced from 2 main locations, the main one 95% from being red blood cell turnover, with the other 5% coming from nutrition. One’s diet tends to exhibit iron in meat and dairy in the form of Fe2+ and as Fe3+ in less-absorbent foods such as vegetables. Measures of iron are conducted in several methods to illustrate metabolism via the iron status test and provide subject-specific insights.


We use TIBC or total iron-binding capacity as a measurement of your body’s ability to effectively transport iron through your blood.

Transferrin Saturation

The main protein that exists in the blood is called transferrin. It is produced in the liver and actively binds with iron in order to effectively carry it around one’s body. We use this test as a measurement of the volume of protein that experiences “saturation” as a result of its relationship with iron.


The complex globular protein called Ferritin which is responsibly for inactive iron storage ensures that iron release is regulated, and occurs when there is a depletion in iron level. Bone marrow diseases can often arise as a result of ferritin depletion as this causes a depletion in iron which means your red blood cell count will drop. Iron storage can be directly measured with ferritin and as it is an acute-phase protein, it also acts incrementally to fight infection as well as inflammation and trauma where required.

Cholesterol Status ( 6 biomarker )

Cholesterol can be described as a substance that is fatty in nature, yet is incremental in the operation of bodily cells. That said, an excess of cholesterol existing in the blood often negatively affects one’s health and as it rises, one’s risk of cardiac arrest and stroke increases. Multiple factors increase the risk of heart disease and knowledge is accumulating in this area, specifically regarding the complex biological processes that cause heart issues. High cholesterol levels have long been seen to increase this inherent risk, yet the varieties of cholesterol in the human body offer different dangers. The liver produced cholesterol from nutrients consumed. Factors such as our nutrition, genetics and weight affect our levels of cholesterol negatively in some cases.


Circulating in the blood is where we find the fats or lipids known as triglycerides. We have found that these fats are transported within our blood by lipoproteins commonly referred to as chylomicrons and VLDs – very-low-density lipoproteins. Upon completing a meal, our body takes surplus calories and uses them to form triglycerides, that are carried to cells where they remain in the form of fat. One’s body tends to release these triglycerides in the form of energy when required.


We calculate the ratio of cholesterol/ HDL when we divide the total value of cholesterol by the HDL level of cholesterol. This measurement analyses risk of cardiovascular conditions and provides valuable information on the percentage of good cholesterol in the body known as HDL or high-density lipoprotein. We use the cholesterol/ HDL ratio in the calculation of heart attack risk via tools such as QRisk.


The responsibility of carrying cholesterol, triglycerides and other fats to different tissues in the body is given to cholesterol known as LDL or low-density lipoprotein, which is a molecule consisted of proteins and lipids. Excess levels of LDL cholesterol, which is coined as ‘bad cholesterol’ often caused fatty deposits that build up within walls of one’s arteries and run the risk of contracting atherosclerosis, as well as heart disease. Immense lifestyle changes can improve cholesterol levels just as they improve diabetes issues to avoid more severe conditions developing. It is advisable to use HDL and LDL as well as non-HDL results to indicate areas for improvement. Consistent exercise can certainly assist you with reducing LDL and increasing HDL, especially cardiovascular and weight training. A balanced diet high in vegetables and fish oil improved cholesterol volumes, especially when meat and dairy are kept low.


Cholesterol known as Non-HDL is compiled of the total cholesterol molecules that are not good cholesterol. It is made up of each non-protective cholesterol as well as the ones that risk causing harm to your blood. Cardiovascular risk can be illustrated better than with total and LDL cholesterol. The advised volume of non-LDL cholesterol is under 4 mmol/L. By inducing drastic alterations to one’s lifestyle, these levels can improve and you can avoid becoming at risk of contracting serious diseases. A balanced diet will keep cholesterol levels at a healthy level as well as consistent exercise.

Cholesterol Total/HDL Ratio

An essential fat or lipid which can be defined as cholesterol exists in the body. Cholesterol does have a negative reputation in modern culture, yet it has essential uses in the body such as the construction of cell membranes responsible for creating essential hormones. It is produced in the liver along within the nutrients we consume. Total cholesterol gives us a measurement of blood cholesterol content with both good (HDL) and bad (LDL, VLDL and non HDL). Endurance events require fat more than any other macronutrient and are also required when energy from carbohydrates is depleted. Heavy use of medium-chain fatty acids is seen specifically. Fatty acids are carried around the body by cholesterol and we can study the risk of cardiovascular diseases from analysing the cholesterol levels in blood vessels. Regulation of cholesterol is the responsibility of the liver as it synthesises it as well as removes it. Lipoproteins that have the role of transporting cholesterol are also synthesized and we focus on these to measure cholesterol effectively

Minerals ( 1 biomarker )

Minerals can be defined as those substances in your body that are inorganic and required for ordinary functionality. There are two separate categories of minerals, these include minerals and trace elements. Each is equally as important, but minerals are often required in larger volumes. Minerals cannot be produced in the body, they must come from nutrients. They have the duty of fulfilling standard bodily functions such as maintaining bone strength, regulating fluid balances. Keeping nerve and muscles function effective and producing hormones while ensuring blood pressure is regulated. Mineral deficiency is not uncommon and can arise in cases where the subject neglects specific food groups.


Magnesium has been classified as the 4th most commonly found minerals and 2nd most commonly found intracellular divalent cation within the human body. Roughly half is found in our bones, and close to half is in tissue, with <1% existing in our blood. It is essential for over 300 metabolic reaction as well as being very important for the conduction of our nerves, contraction of muscles, the function of parathyroid, storage of energy, regulation of heartbeat and synthesis of DNA. Low magnesium can lead to weakness in muscles as well as spasms and can affect creatine kinase as well as changing lactate response after exercise. Sportspeople often experience magnesium deficiency and are required to monitor this more closely. One should assess their diet and focus on consuming meat that contains magnesium. Supplementation to one’s diet can improve performance with regards to fixing deficiencies. Modern studies have yet to reach a conclusion, and it has been found that supplementation has had a negative effect on magnesium levels in some cases. Your diet is likely your best chance of maintaining adequate magnesium levels in your body.

Thyroid Function ( 3 biomarker )

The gland known as the thyroid is based at the front of one’s neck and creates hormones that assist in the governance of one’s metabolism. The thyroid can often fail to adequately produce correct hormone quantities and tends to cause symptoms that are debilitating. Generally, when the thyroid is underactive, the subject experiences fatigue, weight gain, and the skin and hair become dry. We often see an overactive thyroid causing anxiety and nervousness, as well as weight loss. Upon diagnosis, treatment can be prescribed for these conditions, as long as the priority remains on the thyroid hormones being monitored to maintain optimal levels.


At the base of the neck, we find the thyroid. This has the duty of regulating the metabolism of numerous processes such as energy expense, heart function, muscle function as well as substrate turnover. When the function of the thyroid is disturbed, hormone levels can vary, affecting performance in sport. TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone sees production in the pituitary gland and is responsible for stimulating the thyroid gland in order to create the two thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) as well as triiodothyronine (T3). The production of the thyroid hormone is a part of the neuroendocrine cascade. It begins with the hypothalamus with the thyrotropin hormone-releasing, triggering the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone by the pituitary gland. Cells bind in the thyroid gland, releasing hormones T3 and T4 (thyroxine). T4 converts into T3 as well (the more active of the thyroid hormones) in adjacent tissues. The metabolism that circulates your body is regulated by these hormones. Tight balance is ensured for these volumes with negative feedback loops. The thyroid function that is abnormal occurs from oversecretion/ under secretion. Commonly, an autoimmune feature exists with these conditions and it is regularly recorded in thyroid antibodies in more complex tests.


T4 or Thyroxine is a hormone whose production occurs in the thyroid gland. Its role is to quicken the pace of one’s metabolism. T4 binds itself to proteins in one’s blood, yet, only unbound T4 can be measured through testing.


T3 or triiodothyronine is the most active thyroid hormone, whose production occurs in the gland of the thyroid. T3 is predominantly found in our blood, binding toa protein. Free T3 is used to measure free T3 levels or T3 that is not binding to a protein and is available for metabolism regulation.


Vitamins ( 3 biomarker )

Key nutrients that your body requires in order to function are known as vitamins. These can not be made without food consumption. They are categorized by two types of vitamin, fat-soluble and water-soluble. The fat-soluble vitamins, such as A, D, E, and K exist in all food that is oily. Storage of vitamins occurs in fatty tissue as well as your liver, so daily consumption is not necessary. Water-based vitamins such as C and B vitamins are not kept within the body and so more frequent consumption of this kind is necessary. All vitamins should be ingested through a balanced diet, as some diets which neglect food types can lead to deficiencies.

Vitamin B12 (active)

Vital for producing red blood cells, vitamin B12 helps the safe transfer of oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. B12 does aid in metabolism as well as the nervous system and if it is neglected, nerve damage can occur. Despite being found mainly in meat and other animal products, there are numerous plants and other vegetables that contain sufficient B12 volumes.


In the metabolism of amino acids, we can find folate, a B vitamin that acts as a coenzyme in this process. It is important for purine synthesis and pyrimidines that are integral in DNA synthesizing as well as red cell creation. Folate is specifically vital during the initial trimester of pregnancy, which means monitoring is crucial for women in this circumstance. With sportspeople, folate and B vitamins are key components in performance regulation as well as energy monitoring by modulating the synthesis and macronutrient breakdown.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is massively important for maintaining bones along with calcium. Additionally, it is vital in muscle functionality and the synthesis of protein. In recent studies, it has been indicated to have other non-musculoskeletal advantaged as well, such as immune modulation, chronic disease, and improved performance in athletics. It is integral for sportspeople to maintain optimal vitamin D volumes. Our skin can produce vitamin D when exposed to sunlight, yet, this is not possible in every country, particularly in the colder months and so those in cool climates can often be deficient in vitamin D.




Hormones ( 10 biomarker )

Your hormones are responsible for regulating your bodies behaviour such as reproduction, sleep and your metabolism. A minor change in your hormone levels can lead to a severe effect on your health as it can alter your energy and mood and negatively affect your sex drive and fertility. Hormones can often be referred to as chemical messengers which are produced in your glands and can be released within your blood. Hormones tell your body how to function, and manage appetite, mood and reproduction. Disorders aren’t uncommon and can be seen regularly, with treatments available for correction in the form of simple lifestyle change as well as replacement therapy. Levels can vary throughout the day and are volatile in women during the reproductive cycle.

Testosterone Free

Testosterone that is in the bloodstream is often found binding to proteins and SHBG and albumin in particular. Generally, about 2-3% of testosterone is thought to be free for use by the cells. For us to test this we must use an algorithm to gauge the amount of unbound testosterone in comparison to total amounts.


Commonly referred to as the “male sex hormone”, testosterone is actually existent in females too. It is necessary for effective protein synthesis, red blood cell protection as well as glycogen replenishment. It’s vital for bone and muscle strength, energy mood and sexual function. In males, it is a stimulator for fat mobilisation and in females, it induces storage of fat. Nonetheless, females have higher oestrogen levels that deposit fat in subcutaneous tissue, and not the central visceral fat area which occurs in men and affects health. Testosterone is crucial for peak performance, yet overtraining can decrease it. Standard training practices should see a slight increase in testosterone and they should not increase above average without supplementation or steroid use.


Sex Hormone Binding Globulin make sex hormones unavailable to your cells. Such hormones include testosterone, oestrogen and dihydrotestosterone. Gauging the blood level of SHGB offer valuable insight into unbound hormone levels which are biologically active and therefore free to be used.


LH or luteinising hormone’s production occurs in the pituitary gland where it operates with the crucial function of fertility in men and women. In females, it regulates the menstrual cycle, which peaks before ovulation. In males, it initiates the creation of testosterone.


FSH stands for the follicle-stimulating hormone which can be found also in the pituitary gland and is especially important for females in ovarian egg production. In males, it is important for producing sperm. In the initial 50% of the women’s menstrual cycle, FSH initiates ovarian follicles in becoming enlarges. Every follicle assists in the increase in oestradiol. A single follicle will assert dominance and release from the ovary will soon follow, called ovulation. Following this, hormone levels will fall in the closing 50% of the cycle. In males FSH exists on the seminiferous tubules of the testicles where they have the role of stimulation in immature sperm cells, helping them in their development to maturity.


Known commonly as the female sex hormone, oestradiol can actually also be seen to exist in males. Generally, it is created in the ovaries and has the role of reproduction in females as well as growing tissue of the breasts along with thickening bones. Levels tend to fall as one gets older, especially during menopause when egg production ends.


Prolactin is often found to be produced in the pituitary gland as well and is a hormone that is massively important in reproduction. It has the key responsibility of stimulating milk production after a successful pregnancy when a chile is born. Levels sore in women who breastfeed.


Often referred to as the “stress hormone”, cortisol actually has more functions than simply stress relief. Its production occurs in the adrenal gland and operates on almost all of the body’s cells. It assists with regulation of blood sugar, blood pressure, metabolism, inflammation reduction and memory. For sportspeople who regularly face physical and emotional stressors, cortisol can be higher than the average human, yet, strangely, overtraining can decrease this hormone. That said, it cannot be concluded that surplus cortisol or a deficiency will affect peak performance ability, as each individual will have an optimal level for them. Doctor’s advice should always be sought after for an accurate opinion.


In the blood exists an extremely common steroid hormone known as DHEA. This is actually a precursor for multiple significant hormones such as testosterone and oestradiol. Its production occurs in the adrenal gland and its role is important in both genders. Multiple research studies have indicates that healthy volumes of DHEA can be correlated with many health benefits such as improved cardiovascular health, avoiding cancer and improving insulin resistance.


Another steroid hormone that is produced in the adrenal gland is progesterone, which can be found in the corpus luteum. Its primary function is to equip the body with tools to prepare for pregnancy. In the second half of the menstrual cycle, increased volumes can be found. Progesterone is often tested on the 21st day of the cycle to evaluate the presence of ovulation. Despite being deemed a female hormone, progesterone also exists in men and is evident in the producing testosterone.

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Each lab we use has been given the all clear by both the NHS and by a range of private clinics as we devote ourselves to providing the most accurate and advanced methods of testing which are fully accredited by partner labs.
These laboratories have all been carefully assessed by the United Kingdom Accreditation Service (UKAS) and have also been accredited directly to ISO 15189.
Having trusted labs means we offer a service truly focused on helping our clients.


We have a professional team which consists of GMC registered doctors along with nurses registered under the NMC whose primary focus is to provide the best possible service to our patients in the form of customised advice and recommendations based on the results of your tests.
With years of experience working on optimizing the health of people around the world, our team is fully equipped to help you in upgrading your life.

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Our tests are not a substitute for seeing your doctor, especially if you are suffering symptoms. Our doctors will interpret your results based on the information you have provided, but will not diagnose, consult or provide any treatment. You will be advised to see your doctor for any necessary follow-up action.